Santo Domingo, DR.The 22 chapters of the free trade agreement signed by five Central American countries, the United States, and the Dominican Republic (DR-Cafta) require the approval of all members to be reviewed because it is a multilateral agreement assumed by the countries in Latin America as a bloc (group of nations).
That is, about the accusations of producers for the Dominican Government to assume that position because the time has come for rice, chicken, and other food goods that have already completed more than 20 years of the commitment to dismantle tariff rates in the customs and enter the free market in 2025.
Multilateral agreements such as DR-Cafta are established in the World Trade Organization (WTO). Therefore, no member can unilaterally restrict imports of products subject to tariff reductions nor import goods originating from others to export them to others. Markets because it would fall into “triangulation,” which is also sanctioned in the WTO.
However, any members that feel seriously impacted by large volumes of imports that exceed the capacity of the country of destination can notify the parties of their intention to grant a safeguard to a certain basic product.
Also, you can appeal to articles 34 and 37 of the Vienna Convention on multilateral treaties, which does not prevent a norm from becoming mandatory and allows modifications in mutual relations.
The Farm Law may also be revised. In 2002, the United States, like Europe, promised to eliminate agricultural subsidies, which has yet to happen. Therefore, there are legal instruments that do not require a request for a DR-Cafta renegotiation.
Petition of producers
Almost 20 years after the signing of the agreement, Dominican rice and chicken producers are demanding that the Government reviews the treaty, given that they will consider themselves affected by massive imports of these goods produced at very low cost, generally subsidized in the United States. , as they claim.
During the beginning of the treaty, the Government of the United States provided the members of the Central American region and the Dominican Republic with technical assistance known as “Trade Capacity Building” so that producers could prepare themselves and suggested applying associativity to facilitate competitiveness. Agricultural.