Since Biden became president of the United States, it is estimated that over 8.2 million illegal immigrants have crossed the border with Mexico. However, these statistics do not show the increase over the past three years, implying that it could have surpassed the 12 million entered in 2007.
The easing of immigration regulations implemented by the Biden administration has led to an increase in the number of undocumented individuals residing in the United States, thanks to a new wave of people not only coming from Central America but also from around the world. The United States Customs and Border Protection (CBP) first found that Venezuelans, Cubans, and Nicaraguans outnumbered migrants from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras in the fiscal year 2022. Additionally, the year saw significant arrivals of Brazilians, Ecuadorians, Haitians, and individuals from distant countries such as Ukraine, India, and Turkey.
According to data provided by the Customs and Border Protection (CBP), between August 1, 2022, and July 31, 2023, more than 36,919 migrants of Dominican nationality entered the United States through the so-called “Return to Mexico.”
The complete opening of the border with Mexico is the most significant legacy of the Biden administration.
The migration crisis has been a highly relevant and controversial issue during the Biden administration in recent years. The situation at the U.S.-Mexico border has seen a significant increase in the number of migrants attempting to enter the country, raising concerns about the government’s ability to manage this situation.
Compared to the Trump administration, there has been a shift in immigration policy during Biden’s tenure. Upon taking office, Biden took steps to overturn some of the more restrictive policies, such as the “Remain in Mexico” policy that required asylum seekers to wait outside the United States during the process.
Latino communities themselves are rejecting the humanitarian crisis of migrants. The increased security risks have allowed the entry of individuals with criminal or terrorist intentions, threatening national security. As they may be more prone to accepting poorly paid and insecure jobs, illegal migrants often face precarious working conditions and exploitation. This condition jeopardizes the stability of legally working immigrants, as they face unfair labor competition affecting local workers and sometimes leading to lower wages.
Conflict in New York communities
The migration situation in New York has experienced a significant increase due to the imminent depletion of the city’s financial resources, leading migrants to sleep under tents. At the same time, the mayor blames them for budget cuts and tensions in the communities.
The goal is to create a plan to move them from shelters to permanent homes and obtain legal status. For the next fiscal year, Mayor Eric Leroy Adams stated that due to the migration crisis, he would be forced to implement staggered budget cuts of 15% for each of his agencies. These cuts will involve, among other things, 4,000 fewer police officers to patrol the streets and millions of dollars in cuts for hospitals, firefighters, and garbage collection.
According to recent city statistics, only 2% of the 140,000 migrants who have arrived so far have been able to apply for work permits in New York.